Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name



Clinical and Counseling Psychology

Committee Chair

Joseph M. Currier, Ph.D


Moral injury (MI) can be conceptualized as a social construct with implications for the individual as seen through symptoms of shame and isolation, and self-harming behaviors such as increase in substance abuse and risk-taking activities (Litz et al. 2009). Despite the probable impact on social relationships, research has not yet looked at the impact of MI outcomes on close social relationships in US service members and veterans (SM/V). Using a sample of 65 combat veterans, a multiple regression analysis was conducted to determine whether scores on the Expressions of Moral Injury Scale (EMIS-M) (Currier et al., 2017) uniquely predicted scores on the Romantic Subscale of the Inventory of Psychosocial Functioning (IPF) Scale (Bovin et al., 2018) when holding symptoms of PTSD constant. Bivariate analyses revealed that veterans who scored higher on the PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 (PCL-5) reported worse MI outcomes, r=.58, p